Fluid landscapes, sovereign nature: Conservation and counterinsurgency in Indian-controlled Kashmir

This article analyzes how environmentalism reinscribed violent forms of state sovereignty in the disputed region of Kashmir in the aftermath of a decades-long uprising against Indian rule. After the return of an elected government, six years after its suspension in 1990, environmental restoration legitimized new forms of state and nature making in Kashmir. Nature rather … Continue reading Fluid landscapes, sovereign nature: Conservation and counterinsurgency in Indian-controlled Kashmir

“Aryan Valley” and the Politics of Race and Religion in Kashmir

This was originally posted on Cultural Anthropology. In 2003, India and Pakistan declared a ceasefire to stop years of cross-border shelling across the disputed Line of Control (LoC) in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). Declared five years after the end of India and Pakistan’s first war as nuclear rivals in Kargil, the ceasefire was hailed by … Continue reading “Aryan Valley” and the Politics of Race and Religion in Kashmir

Divide and Rule

By Mona Bhan (Originally posted on Kindle Magazine) What are the stakes for Kashmir’s border communities in the ongoing struggle for azadi from India? Those who question Kashmir’s right to self-determination invariably fall back on its diverse ethnic and religious minorities to reject Kashmiri aspirations for azadi. The standard iteration of this narrative is that … Continue reading Divide and Rule

Pt. Vaishnavi: “I expressly denied that the Kashmir problem was a closed chapter…”

CKS's Mona Bhan recently published a moving tribute to her late grandfather, Pandit Rughonath Vaishnavi. Pt. Vaishnavi, who passed away in 1996, was a champion of the Kashmiri right to self-determination. Bhan recalls: I remember Rughonath Vaishnavi, whom I called Papa, waking up very early in the mornings ––– sometimes before the crack of dawn ––– … Continue reading Pt. Vaishnavi: “I expressly denied that the Kashmir problem was a closed chapter…”